The Paschal Meal
1. Kindling of the Festival Lights -
(Symbolized the coming of the Messiah; the light of the world.)
Mother lights the candles
Mother’s Prayer - Our God is the King of the Universe; He has saved us by His the sacrifice of the one Lamb. O Lord, King of all; you have kept us alive and brought us again to this time of the year. May our home welcome you; May you bless us and bring peace in our lives.
Everyone - Amen
2. Kiddush -
(The cup of thanksgiving—Blessing of the feast)
Father’s Prayer - O God, King of the Universe, you’ve chosen us above all people; and you have given us your sacred commandments. Out of your love for us you’ve given us seasons of gladness, holy days, and times to rejoice. This day of the feast of unleavened bread, the time marking our freedom, a holy day remembering our exodus from Egypt. O God, you have chosen us and set us apart and given us these sacred seasons. O God, bless your name for making us holy and giving us these times to rejoice.
Each table distribute the cup of thanksgiving (wine or juice).
Holding up the wine the people say:
All - Our God is an awesome God; He is King of the universe. He creates the fruit of the vine.
Everyone drinks their glass of wine (or juice).
Everyone takes parsley and dips it into the salt water.
All - Blessed is our God; He is King of the Universe; He creates the fruit of the soil
All eat the parsley.
Father uncovers and lifts slightly the first of three pieces of bread and says:
Father - Look here, this is the bread of affliction that our fathers ate in the land of Egypt. Whoever is hungry can come and eat. Everyone who wants to celebrate the Passover with us is welcome. God’s desire is to redeem us from all evil and from all slavery.
3. Haggadah - (Telling of the story of deliverance from Egypt. Exodus 13:8)
Cup of Haggadah, 2nd cup of wine is poured.
Youngest person at the table asks the traditional questions about the evening -
• “Why is this night different from other nights?”
• “Why do we only eat unleavened bread and bitter herbs on this night?”
• “Why on this night do we dip the herbs in salt water and haroseth?”
• “Why on this night do we hold this Passover service?”
Father answers - Our fathers went down to Egypt and lived there in a very small number. We turned into a nation great and strong and of an infinite multitude. The Egyptians afflicted and persecuted us, laying on us huge burdens. We cried out to the Lord, the God of our fathers, who heard us, and looked down upon our affliction, labor, and distress. He lead us out of Egypt with a strong hand, a stretched out arm, with great terror, and with signs and wonders. Even if all of us were wise and we could recite scripture, it would still be our duty every year to tell the story of our deliverance from Egypt. To spend this time tonight remembering God’s mighty work is praiseworthy.
The Paschal Lamb is brought in and placed before Father (head of the table).
Father lifts lamb and everyone asks:
All - What is the meaning of Pesach?
Father answers - Pesach means paschal lamb, which our forefathers sacrificed to the Lord in memory of the night the Holy One passed over the houses of our fathers in Egypt. It is written, “when your children say to you: What is the meaning of this service? You say, “it is the victim of the passage of the Lord, when He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, striking the Egyptians, and saving our houses.” (Exodus 12:26-27)
Father again uncovers the first piece of unleavened bread and holds it.
All ask - What is the meaning of Matzoh?
Father answers - This is the bread of affliction that our fathers took with them out of Egypt. It is written, “and they baked the meal, which a little before they had brought out of Egypt, in dough, and they made earth cakes unleavened, for it could not be leavened, the Egyptians were pressing them to leave, and not suffering them to make any stay: neither did they think of preparing any meat.” (Exodus 12:39)
The father lifts up the bitter herb (parsley), and everyone asks -
All ask - What is the meaning of Maror?
Father answers—Maror means bitter herb. We eat maror to remember that the Egyptians embittered the lives of our fathers. It is written, “the Egyptians hated the children of Israel, they afflicted them and mocked them. They made their life bitter with hard works in clay and brick. They did so in a manner of service where we were overcharged in the works of the earth.” (Exodus 1:13-14)
4. Hallel Psalm - (thanksgiving for deliverance from Egypt)
Father lifts his cup of wine (or juice) and says,
Father - Every generation should think of themselves as though they each personally come out of Egypt. It is written, “you should tell your son on that day, saying, this is what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt” (Exodus 13:8)
Father - It’s our duty to thank, praise, glorify, bless and adore the Lord who did all of these miracles for our fathers and for us. The Lord brought us out of slavery into freedom; from sorrow to joy; from mourning to a festive day, from darkness to great light, and from oppression to redemption. Let’s recite before Him a new song.
Father sets down his cup of wine without drinking it.
Everyone stands and recites Psalm 114.
All - Hallelujah, praise the Lord!
Father - When Israel went out of Egypt. Jacob’s house from a people of strange language
All - Judah became His sanctuary: Israel His dominion
Father - The sea looked and fled; the Jordan river was turned back
All - The mountains skipped like rams, and the hills like lambs
Father - O Sea, what caused you to flee; O Jordan, what caused you to turn back?
All - O mountains, why did you skip like rams; O hills like lambs?
Father— Tremble O earth at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob
All - The God who turned the rock into pools of water; and the stony hill into fountains of waters;
All - Hallelujah, Praise the Lord!
All are seated.
5. The Solemn Blessing of the Food - The Father lifts the cup and says -
Father - Blessed is our Lord, the king of the universe. He has redeemed us as He redeemed our fathers in Egypt; He has permitted us to live to this very night and to eat this unleavened bread and bitter herbs. May the Lord God of our fathers permit us to live to other festive seasons and holy days. May the Lord’s will be done through God’s chosen servant Jacob. May God’s name be set apart in the midst of the whole world. May all people be moved to worship the Lord with one accord. May we sing new songs of praise to the Lord, for our redemption and for the deliverance of our souls. Blessed is our Lord; who redeems Israel.
All drink the second cup of wine, the cup of Haggadah.
Father then takes up the matzoh and blesses it with the following prayer -
Father - Blessed is our Lord, the king of the universe. He brings forth bread from the earth.
Father (at each table) breaks bread into pieces and gives a piece to each person.
Holding the bread in their hands, everyone says -
All - Blessed is our Lord, the king of the universe, He has set us apart by His commandments and has instructed us in eating the unleavened bread.
All eat the bread.
Father - Let us combine the unleavened bread and the bitter herbs and eat them together as it is written, “with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.”
All place bitter herb and haroseth between two pieces of bread and say together -
All - Blessed is our Lord, the king of the universe; He has set us apart by His commandments and instructed us concerning the eating of bitter herbs.
6. The Paschal Supper -
The other foods are brought in and the people eat the meal (salad, meat, rice). The 2nd matzoh is eaten with the meal.
7. The Cup of Blessing -
At the end of the meal, the father takes the last matzoh from the plate, breaks and distributes it.
Father - The custom was to end the Passover meal by eating this final piece of unleavened bread. It was probably at this point that Jesus blessed the bread, broke it and gave it to his disciples saying, “this is my body which is given for you.”
All hold the bread in their hands while the father says -
Father - Let’s bless the Lord
All—May the Lord’s name be blessed from now to eternity.
Father - Blessed is our Lord, the king of the universe. On the night that He was betrayed, after supper, He took the bread, broke it, gave it to his disciples and blessed it as we are now. He told his disciples that this bread was his body broken for all and that whenever we eat this bread we should remember Him.
All - Blessed is our Lord, who offers us new life through His body.
All eat the bread.
The third cup of wine (or juice), the cup of blessing is poured. - Everyone stands.
Father - Promising eternal life, Jesus blessed the wine at the end of the Passover establishing this cup as the new covenant in his blood for all time.
All Raise the third glass
All - I will take the cup of salvation, and I will call upon the name of the Lord.
Father - I will give my covenant allegiance to the Lord; before everyone that is here.
All - Precious in the Lord’s eyes is the death of all His saints.
Father - O Lord, I am your servant; I am your son; you made me with your hands.
All - The Lord has broken my chains; I will give the Lord a sacrifice of praise and I will call upon the name of the Lord.
Father - I will honor the Lord with my time, talent, and treasure in front of all His people in the Lord’s house throughout all of Jerusalem and the world.
All - Blessed is our Lord, King of the universe, who created the fruit of the vine.
All - drink the cup of blessing
8. The cup of Melchizedek - (the final blessing)
The 4th cup of wine is filled.
Father - Melchizedek gave bread and wine to Abraham and blessed him. The name “Melchizedek” means King of Righteousness. As Priest-King of Salem he is an old testament type of “Jesus Christ”, of the eternal priesthood.
All raise their cups
All - Our Lord is praiseworthy; Our Lord is king of the universe; He has created the fruit of the vine.
All drink the fourth cup.
Father - May the Lord bless you and keep you. May the Lord make His face to shine upon you and may He have mercy on you! May the Lord lift his countenance on you and give you peace! Numbers 6:24-2
All - Amen. Amen. Amen